Wells provide access to safe drinking water for many residential properties across the nation. Since the water table in most wells is some distance below ground level, having a reliable way to move water from the well into the home is critical. Well pumps help fill this role.
The right well pump will help to streamline your water delivery system and improve the performance of your private well over time.
A critical factor that should be taken into consideration when selecting a well pump is the depth of your well. Since the water table can fluctuate from one area to the next, some wells are more accessible than others.
If your water table is deep within your well, a submersible well pump will be your best option. These pumps are designed to function efficiently in deep wells. Submersible pumps have motors that are strong enough to extract water from deep under the ground and move the water efficiently through a series of vertical pipe and into your home.
Submersible pumps come in many different sizes. This allows you to select the pump that can produce the right amount of water for your home.
You must take the time to calculate the approximate amount of water that will be needed within your home at any given time. A pump whose pump rate meets or exceeds this demand will ensure that you can perform various tasks that require access to water simultaneously.
Smaller homes usually have fewer plumbing fixtures and occupants, so a smaller pump can be sufficient. Larger residential properties will need to be serviced by a pump with a high pump rate for maximum efficiency.
You will need to be able to access your pump's control system regularly to perform routine maintenance or make repairs. Two-wire submersible pumps have built-in control systems. This means that you will have to raise your pump out of the well to work on it. This isn't a problem for homeowners with shallower wells.
If your home is serviced by a deep well, then you will want a three-wire submersible pump. These pumps feature a separate control panel that is installed at ground level to facilitate repairs and maintenance.
When it comes to selecting a well pump, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Carefully consider the depth of your well, your water needs, and the convenience of the control system to pick the right well pump for your property.